Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / S-Bahn Hamburg (470-474)
The S-Bahn Hamburg is a suburban railway system operated by Deutsche Bahn. It uses direct current (1,200 Volts) supplied by a third rail, therefore the S-Bahn Hamburg is a closed system. As a result of this, the S-Bahn Hamburg has always required its own vehicle types since the DC system was inaugurated in 1941. At the end of 2007, the first dual-system trains were put into service, which enable the connection to the "normal" DB network with overhead wires.
Railways / Germany: Diesel Multiple Units / Stadler RegioShuttle (650)
Beim "Regio-Shuttle RS1" handelt es sich um einen einteiligen, nur ca. 25 Meter langen Dieseltriebwagen, ab 1996 von ADtranz produziert wurde. Der Wagenkasten der spurtstarken Fahrzeuge ist fachwerkförmig aufgebaut, was ihre charakteristischen, trapezförmigen Fenster bedingt. Bei der Übernahme von ADtranz durch Bombardier im Jahre 2001 musste die Produktion des RegioShuttles aus kartellrechtlichen Gründen abgegeben werden, seither wurden die Fahrzeuge vom Hersteller Stadler gefertigt. Insgesamt wurden bis 2014 fast 500 Stück an zahlreiche deutsche Betreiber sowie an die tschechische Staatsbahn verkauft.
Railways / Germany: Diesel Multiple Units / Railbuses (772-798)
The railbuses of the series 795-798 (former West Germany) and 772 (former East Germany) are light, two-axle diesel railcars for low-cost operation on secondary lines, which were used in the second half of the 20th century in large numbers. The "Uerdinger" railbuses in West Germany were built from the 1950s onwards, the manufacturer MAN developed a model for the non-Federal railways. From the 1960s onwards, the so-called LVT was used in the GDR, often also referred to as a railbus. In the 1990s, they were replaced by modern low-floor diesel units.
Public Transport / Germany / Rostock
Rostock is the largest city in the German federal state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania) with about 200,000 inhabitants. Beside the capital Schwerin (which has only about half as much inhabitants), it is the only tram network in the federal state. The network has a route length of some 35 kilometres. Trams and city buses are operated by → RSAG (Rostocker Straßenbahn AG).
Public Transport / Germany / Schwerin
The capital of the German federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania) has a relatively small tram network with a system length of approx. 20 kilometres. Unfortunately, the long intervals require a lot of patience - the trams run only every 15 to 30 minutes, on weekends partly even only every 60 minutes. The network is operated by → NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin GmbH).
Public Transport / Germany / Dortmund
The network of the Dortmund Stadtbahn (light rail) has a system length of about 75 kilometres, 20 kilometres run subsurface. It is served by high-floor light rail vehicles, except for the two east-west lines U43 and U44, which are served by low-floor cars. In contrast to most other operators in the Rhine-Ruhr region, there is no connection to the networks of other cities, so that only vehicles of the 'Dortmunder Stadtwerke' run on it, which operate under the brand name → DSW21. A special feature is the H-Bahn in the west of Dortmund, a suspension railway, which has of two routes: one connects the northern and the southern campus of the university, the other the district of Eichlinghofen with the S-Bahn station Universität and the technology centre.
Public Transport / Germany / Zwickau
The Zwickau tram runs on a quite compact network of some 20 kilometres, which is laid out in metre gauge. A special feature is the section from Zentrum to Stadthalle, which has a three-rail track (metre and standard gauge) and is also used by the Vogtlandbahn diesel railcars. The trams are operated by → SVZ (Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe Zwickau).
Public Transport / Germany / Ulm
The tramway in Ulm has only one line (No. 1). In 2009, the length of the route was nearly doubled from 5.5 to 10.2 kilometres with the inauguration of the extension from Donauhalle to Böfingen. With the completion of line 2 in 2018, the network will double again to approx. 20 kilometres. The trams are operated by → SWU (Stadtwerke Ulm/Neu-Ulm).
Public Transport / Germany / Munich
The Bavarian capital has a tram network of about 75 kilometers. There is also an underground network with a length of approx. 100 kilometers, which also reaches the neighboring city of Garching. Trams, subways and city buses are operated by → "Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft" (MVG).