Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / FLIRT 3 (427-429)
The FLIRT electric multiple units are manufactured by the Swiss company Stadler Rail AG. The designation FLIRT is an acronym and means "Flinker, leichter, innovativer Regional-Triebzug" (= agile, light, innovative regional multiple unit). The first unit was introduced in 2004. Since then, more than 1,000 units were sold in two to eight-car units in numerous countries. The FLIRT 3, which was inaugurated in 2013, got a completely new front design in addition to numerous further technical developments.You will find photos of these trains → here.
Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / S-Bahn Hamburg (470-474, 490)
The S-Bahn Hamburg is a suburban railway system operated by Deutsche Bahn. It uses direct current (1,200 Volts) supplied by a third rail, therefore the S-Bahn Hamburg is a closed system. As a result of this, the S-Bahn Hamburg has always required its own vehicle types since the DC system was inaugurated in 1941. At the end of 2007, the first dual-system trains were put into service, which enable the connection to the "normal" DB network with overhead wires.
Public Transport / Germany / Rostock
Rostock is the largest city in the German federal state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania) with about 200,000 inhabitants. Beside the capital Schwerin (which has only about half as much inhabitants), it is the only tram network in the federal state. The network has a route length of some 35 kilometres. Trams and city buses are operated by → RSAG (Rostocker Straßenbahn AG).
Public Transport / Germany / Ulm
The city of Ulm (approx. 125,000 inhabitants), located in Baden-Württemberg directly on the border with Bavaria, has two tram lines. Until 2009, Ulm had only one tram route with a length of 5 kilometres, which was repeatedly threatened to be closed until the length of line 1 was almost doubled (10.2 kilometres) in March 2009 by the extension from Donauhalle to Böfingen. With the completion of Line 2 at the end of 2018, the network has again almost been doubled - to more than 19 kilometres. The trams are operated by → SWU (Stadtwerke Ulm/Neu-Ulm).
Public Transport / Austria, Switzerland / Zurich
Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of 400,000. It has a tram network with a system length of almost 75 kilometres. The tram runs on metre-gauge tracks and is operated by → VBZ (Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich). The tram is exceeding from the urban area to the northern suburbs since 2006. For this extension, some Cobra trams were obtained by Verkehrsbetriebe Glattal (VBG), which are serviced and operated by VBZ, but wear the colour scheme of VBG. There are also several trolley bus lines and three mountain railways in Zurich. The tram route from Stadelhofen to Rehalp is also used by the Forchbahn, a railway also running on metre-gauge tracks. It connects the village of Forch with Zurich on a 16 kilometre route and is called S-Bahn S18.